fishcount.org.uk

Other estimates:   wild fishes   fishmeal fishes   farmed decapods

Previous:   2010  2011  2015  2016

Estimated numbers of individuals in global aquaculture production (FAO) of fish species (2017)

   Sort by tonnage   Help   Home   By country    By species    Data in spreadsheet (XLS 235 KB)

This page shows aquaculture production tonnages (FAO) for fish species in 2017, together with estimated mean weights (EMWs) and estimated fish numbers.
Farmed fish numbers killed for food in 2017 are estimated to total 51,107-167,476 million, or 51-167 billion, fishes.

Scroll to the end to see the totals and footnotes. Click on the 'EMW id' for details on derivation of estimated mean weight using methods in Note 2 below.
 
LineSpeciesProduction (t)1Estimated
mean
weight
(EMW)
(g)2
EMW id2Estimated
numbers
(millions)3
1Aba (Gymnarchus niloticus)6,632Not specifically estimated4 
2Adriatic sturgeon (Acipenser naccarii)28Not specifically estimated4 
3Africa-bighead catfish, hybrid (Clarias gariepinus x C. macrocephalus)102,849Not specifically estimated4 
4African bonytongue (Heterotis niloticus)6,274Not specifically estimated4 
5African catfish (Heterobranchus bidorsalis)3Not specifically estimated4 
6Algerian barb (Barbus callensis)232Not specifically estimated4 
7Amberjacks nei (Seriola spp)26,924Not specifically estimated4 
8American yellow perch (Perca flavescens)100227-227EMW-7< 1
9Amur catfish (Silurus asotus)387,919Not specifically estimated4 
10Arapaima (Arapaima gigas)4,418Not specifically estimated4 
11Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus)6,577Not specifically estimated4 
12Areolate grouper (Epinephelus areolatus)1Not specifically estimated4 
13Asian barbs nei (Puntius spp)6,068Not specifically estimated4 
14Asian redtail catfish (Hemibagrus nemurus)7,328Not specifically estimated4 
15Asian swamp eel (Monopterus albus)358,336Not specifically estimated4 
16Atipa (Hoplosternum littorale)21Not specifically estimated4 
17Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus)7,393Not specifically estimated4 
18Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)5212,000-5,000EMW-19< 1
19Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus)1,6233,000-5,000EMW-20< 1 - 1
20Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)2,358,6633,614-8,434EMW-21280 - 653
21Ayu sweetfish (Plecoglossus altivelis)7,801Not specifically estimated4 
22Bagrid catfish (Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus)50Not specifically estimated4 
23Banded astyanax (Astyanax fasciatus)550Not specifically estimated4 
24Banded jewelfish (Hemichromis fasciatus)<1Not specifically estimated4 
25Barbel (Barbus barbus)130Not specifically estimated4 
26Barcoo grunter (Scortum barcoo)11Not specifically estimated4 
27Barramundi(=Giant seaperch) (Lates calcarifer)81,915300-2,000EMW-2541 - 273
28Barred sorubim (Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum)5Not specifically estimated4 
29Bastard halibut (Paralichthys olivaceus)43,507800-1,500EMW-2629 - 54
30Beluga (Huso huso)11Not specifically estimated4 
31Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis)3,147,814500-1,500EMW-292,099 - 6,296
32Black bullhead (Ameiurus melas)300Not specifically estimated4 
33Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)684,7382,000-3,000EMW-30228 - 342
34Black prochilodus (Prochilodus nigricans)970Not specifically estimated4 
35Blackchin tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron)176Not specifically estimated4 
36Blackhead seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegeli)1,844Not specifically estimated4 
37Blackspot(=red) seabream (Pagellus bogaraveo)142Not specifically estimated4 
38Bleak (Alburnus alburnus)6Not specifically estimated4 
39Blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus)3,144500-800EMW-344 - 6
40Blue-Nile tilapia, hybrid (Oreochromis aureus x O. niloticus)396,259Not specifically estimated4 
41Bluespotted seabream (Pagrus caeruleostictus)122Not specifically estimated4 
42Bronze featherback (Notopterus notopterus)620Not specifically estimated4 
43Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)1,552Not specifically estimated4 
44Brown-marbled grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus)14Not specifically estimated4 
45Brycon amazonicus (Brycon amazonicus)4,350Not specifically estimated4 
46Brycon cephalus (Brycon cephalus)84Not specifically estimated4 
47Brycon orbignyanus (Brycon orbignyanus)10Not specifically estimated4 
48Brycon spp (Brycon spp)4,880Not specifically estimated4 
49Burbot (Lota lota)3Not specifically estimated4 
50Cachama (Colossoma macropomum)109,783500-2,000EMW-4055 - 220
51Carassius spp (Carassius spp)2,818,875150-400EMW-5357,047 - 18,793
52Catfishes nei (Ictalurus spp)1,527Not specifically estimated4 
53Catla (Catla catla)2,708,093300-2,000EMW-431,354 - 9,027
54Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)379,752340-680EMW-45558 - 1,117
55Characins nei (Characidae)4,795Not specifically estimated4 
56Chars nei (Salvelinus spp)2,001Not specifically estimated4 
57Chinese longsnout catfish (Leiocassis longirostris)21,331Not specifically estimated4 
58Chinook(=Spring=King) salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)14,890Not specifically estimated4 
59Chub (Leuciscus cephalus)<1Not specifically estimated4 
60Cichla spp (Cichla spp)75Not specifically estimated4 
61Citharinus nei (Citharinus spp)4,872Not specifically estimated4 
62Clearhead icefish (Protosalanx hyalocranius)20,699Not specifically estimated4 
63Climbing perch (Anabas testudineus)44,274Not specifically estimated4 
64Clown knifefish (Chitala chitala)146Not specifically estimated4 
65Cobia (Rachycentron canadum)49,5736,000-8,000EMW-556 - 8
66Coho(=Silver) salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)179,834Not specifically estimated4 
67Common carp (Cyprinus carpio)4,129,100500-2,500EMW-571,652 - 8,258
68Common dentex (Dentex dentex)51Not specifically estimated4 
69Common nase (Chondrostoma nasus)<1Not specifically estimated4 
70Common sole (Solea solea)6Not specifically estimated4 
71Convict grouper (Epinephelus septemfasciatus)443Not specifically estimated4 
72Crimson snapper (Lutjanus erythropterus)72Not specifically estimated4 
73Crucian carp (Carassius carassius)3,375150-400EMW-628 - 22
74Cyprinids nei (Cyprinidae)681,153Not specifically estimated4 
75Danube sturgeon(=Osetr) (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii)199Not specifically estimated4 
76Dorado (Salminus brasiliensis)71Not specifically estimated4 
77Dotted gizzard shad (Konosirus punctatus)225Not specifically estimated4 
78Emperor red snapper (Lutjanus sebae)9Not specifically estimated4 
79European eel (Anguilla anguilla)6,215Not specifically estimated4 
80European perch (Perca fluviatilis)701Not specifically estimated4 
81European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax)215,636400-500EMW-72431 - 539
82European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus)811Not specifically estimated4 
83Filefishes, leatherjackets nei (Monacanthidae)491Not specifically estimated4 
84Finfishes nei (Osteichthyes)4,500Not specifically estimated4 
85Flatfishes nei (Pleuronectiformes)7Not specifically estimated4 
86Flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)6,765500-1,500EMW-765 - 14
87Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus)803Not specifically estimated4 
88Fourfinger threadfin (Eleutheronema tetradactylum)10,261Not specifically estimated4 
89Freshwater bream (Abramis brama)663Not specifically estimated4 
90Freshwater fishes nei (Osteichthyes)2,456,181Not specifically estimated4 
91Freshwater siluroids nei (Siluroidei)112,237Not specifically estimated4 
92Giant gourami (Osphronemus goramy)147,6372,000-3,000EMW-8049 - 74
93Giant grouper (Epinephelus lanceolatus)7Not specifically estimated4 
94Giant trevally (Caranx ignobilis)1Not specifically estimated4 
95Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata)218,099300-400EMW-81545 - 727
96Golden trevally (Gnathanodon speciosus)30Not specifically estimated4 
97Goldfish (Carassius auratus)605Not specifically estimated4 
98Goldlined seabream (Rhabdosargus sarba)10Not specifically estimated4 
99Gouramis nei (Trichogaster spp)9Not specifically estimated4 
100Grass carp(=White amur) (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)5,519,487500-2,500EMW-872,208 - 11,039
101Grass-eaters nei (Distichodus spp)4,359Not specifically estimated4 
102Grayling (Thymallus thymallus)2Not specifically estimated4 
103Great snakehead (Channa marulius)619Not specifically estimated4 
104Greater amberjack (Seriola dumerili)81Not specifically estimated4 
105Green humphead parrotfish (Bolbometopon muricatum)<1Not specifically estimated4 
106Groupers nei (Epinephelus spp)182,535Not specifically estimated4 
107Groupers, seabasses nei (Serranidae)249Not specifically estimated4 
108Hatcheria macraei (Hatcheria macraei)80Not specifically estimated4 
109Hoplias spp (Hoplias spp)800Not specifically estimated4 
110Hoven's carp (Leptobarbus hoeveni)8,972Not specifically estimated4 
111Huchen (Hucho hucho)14Not specifically estimated4 
112Humpback grouper (Cromileptes altivelis)<1Not specifically estimated4 
113Hypsibarbus spp (Hypsibarbus spp)89Not specifically estimated4 
114Indonesian snakehead (Channa micropeltes)36,766500-700EMW-9553 - 74
115Isok barb (Probarbus jullieni)4,800Not specifically estimated4 
116Jacks, crevalles nei (Caranx spp)3,306Not specifically estimated4 
117Jaguar guapote (Cichlasoma managuense)1Not specifically estimated4 
118Japanese amberjack (Seriola quinqueradiata)139,2003,500-6,000EMW-9923 - 40
119Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica)252,868100-250EMW-1001,011 - 2,529
120Japanese jack mackerel (Trachurus japonicus)800Not specifically estimated4 
121Japanese seabass (Lateolabrax japonicus)166,340500-500EMW-102333
122Japanese seabream (Pagrus major)6,806Not specifically estimated4 
123John's snapper (Lutjanus johnii)6,871Not specifically estimated4 
124Kafue pike (Hepsetus odoe)3,889Not specifically estimated4 
125Kelee shad (Hilsa kelee)200Not specifically estimated4 
126Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii)6,100Not specifically estimated4 
127Knifefishes (Notopterus spp)5Not specifically estimated4 
128Korean rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli)22,344Not specifically estimated4 
129Labeo dussumieri (Labeo dussumieri)29Not specifically estimated4 
130Large yellow croaker (Larimichthys croceus)177,640Not specifically estimated4 
131Largemouth black bass (Micropterus salmoides)458,503680-680EMW-110674
132Lefteye flounders nei (Bothidae)60,737Not specifically estimated4 
133Leporinus obtusidens (Leporinus obtusidens)10Not specifically estimated4 
134Leporinus spp (Leporinus spp)4,504Not specifically estimated4 
135Longfin tilapia (Oreochromis macrochir)1,000Not specifically estimated4 
136Longfin yellowtail (Seriola rivoliana)400Not specifically estimated4 
137Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus)145Not specifically estimated4 
138Mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi)335,583500-500EMW-115671
139Mango tilapia (Sarotherodon galilaeus)5Not specifically estimated4 
140Mangrove red snapper (Lutjanus argentimaculatus)8,890Not specifically estimated4 
141Manipur osteobrama (Osteobrama belangeri)4,000Not specifically estimated4 
142Marble goby (Oxyeleotris marmorata)960Not specifically estimated4 
143Marine fishes nei (Osteichthyes)985,606Not specifically estimated4 
144Masu(=Cherry) salmon (Oncorhynchus masou)199Not specifically estimated4 
145Meagre (Argyrosomus regius)31,935Not specifically estimated4 
146Mi-iuy (brown) croaker (Miichthys miiuy)102Not specifically estimated4 
147Milkfish (Chanos chanos)1,728,561250-500EMW-1223,457 - 6,914
148Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)61,551500-800EMW-12377 - 123
149Mrigal carp (Cirrhinus mrigala)505,719300-1,100EMW-124460 - 1,686
150Mud carp (Cirrhinus molitorella)4,025Not specifically estimated4 
151Mullets nei (Mugilidae)229,386Not specifically estimated4 
152Netted prochilod (Prochilodus reticulatus)2,850Not specifically estimated4 
153Nile perch (Lates niloticus)16,470Not specifically estimated4 
154Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)4,130,281250-800EMW-1295,163 - 16,521
155Nilem carp (Osteochilus hasselti)28,500Not specifically estimated4 
156North African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)230,747500-1,500EMW-132154 - 461
157Northern pike (Esox lucius)1,130Not specifically estimated4 
158Obscure pufferfish (Takifugu obscurus)6,283Not specifically estimated4 
159Olive barb (Systomus sarana)5,355Not specifically estimated4 
160Oplegnathus fasciatus (Oplegnathus fasciatus)714Not specifically estimated4 
161Orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides)563Not specifically estimated4 
162Orangefin labeo (Labeo calbasu)37,147Not specifically estimated4 
163Orbicular batfish (Platax orbicularis)25Not specifically estimated4 
164Oreochromis tanganicae (Oreochromis tanganicae)300Not specifically estimated4 
165Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis)21,622Not specifically estimated4 
166Pacific chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus)203Not specifically estimated4 
167Pacific fat sleeper (Dormitator latifrons)50Not specifically estimated4 
168Pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus)17,252Not specifically estimated4 
169Pangas catfish (Pangasius pangasius)20,124Not specifically estimated4 
170Pangas catfishes nei (Pangasius spp)1,825,063500-1,500EMW-1421,217 - 3,650
171Parachanna snakeheads nei (Parachanna spp)2,612Not specifically estimated4 
172Peacock cichlid (Cichla ocellaris)<1Not specifically estimated4 
173Philippine catfish (Clarias batrachus)8,206Not specifically estimated4 
174Pike-perch (Sander lucioperca)1,419Not specifically estimated4 
175Pink dentex (Dentex gibbosus)107Not specifically estimated4 
176Pirapatinga (Piaractus brachypomus)234,425500-1,000EMW-147234 - 469
177Pond loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus)395,463Not specifically estimated4 
178Pond smelt (Hypomesus olidus)12,067Not specifically estimated4 
179Porgies, seabreams nei (Sparidae)81,872Not specifically estimated4 
180Potato grouper (Epinephelus tukula)<1Not specifically estimated4 
181Prochilods nei (Prochilodus spp)3,358Not specifically estimated4 
182Prochilodus mariae (Prochilodus mariae)20Not specifically estimated4 
183Pufferfishes nei (Takifugu spp)21Not specifically estimated4 
184Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)811,590210-5,000EMW-155162 - 3,865
185Red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)71,1291,000-1,000EMW-15671
186Red porgy (Pagrus pagrus)1,312Not specifically estimated4 
187Redbanded seabream (Pagrus auriga)66Not specifically estimated4 
188Redbelly tilapia (Tilapia zillii)2Not specifically estimated4 
189Redbreast tilapia (Tilapia rendalli)5,593Not specifically estimated4 
190Reticulate knifefish (Papyrocranus afer)7,432Not specifically estimated4 
191Righteye flounders nei (Pleuronectidae)16,219Not specifically estimated4 
192River eels nei (Anguilla spp)301Not specifically estimated4 
193Roach (Rutilus rutilus)1,992Not specifically estimated4 
194Roaches nei (Rutilus spp)133Not specifically estimated4 
195Roho labeo (Labeo rohita)1,962,943300-1,500EMW-1671,309 - 6,543
196Rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus)20Not specifically estimated4 
197Russell's snapper (Lutjanus russelli)2Not specifically estimated4 
198Sabaki tilapia (Oreochromis spilurus)280Not specifically estimated4 
199Salmonids nei (Salmonidae)19,992Not specifically estimated4 
200Salmonoids nei (Salmonoidei)3,850Not specifically estimated4 
201Sampa (Heterobranchus longifilis)7Not specifically estimated4 
202Scorpionfishes, redfishes nei (Scorpaenidae)198Not specifically estimated4 
203Sea trout (Salmo trutta)3,969Not specifically estimated4 
204Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis)1,818Not specifically estimated4 
205Sevan trout (Salmo ischchan)5Not specifically estimated4 
206Sharpsnout seabream (Diplodus puntazzo)157Not specifically estimated4 
207Shi drum (Umbrina cirrosa)433Not specifically estimated4 
208Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii)590Not specifically estimated4 
209Silver barb (Barbonymus gonionotus)140,307100-200EMW-181702 - 1,403
210Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)4,704,673300-1,500EMW-1823,136 - 15,682
211Silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus)223Not specifically estimated4 
212Silver seabream (Pagrus auratus)62,700400-400EMW-184157
213Sixfinger threadfin (Polydactylus sexfilis)8Not specifically estimated4 
214Small scale mud carp (Cirrhinus microlepis)6,000Not specifically estimated4 
215Snakehead (Channa argus)483,415Not specifically estimated4 
216Snakeheads(=Murrels) nei (Channa spp)10,650Not specifically estimated4 
217Snakeskin gourami (Trichogaster pectoralis)24,29080-120EMW-189202 - 304
218Snappers nei (Lutjanus spp)559Not specifically estimated4 
219Snappers, jobfishes nei (Lutjanidae)134Not specifically estimated4 
220Snubnose pompano (Trachinotus blochii)120,918Not specifically estimated4 
221Sobaity seabream (Sparidentex hasta)11Not specifically estimated4 
222Soles nei (Soleidae)20Not specifically estimated4 
223Sorubims nei (Pseudoplatystoma spp)92Not specifically estimated4 
224Southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii)8,100Not specifically estimated4 
225Speckled longfin eel (Anguilla reinhardtii)6Not specifically estimated4 
226Spinefeet(=Rabbitfishes) nei (Siganus spp)235Not specifically estimated4 
227Spotted coralgrouper (Plectropomus maculatus)32Not specifically estimated4 
228Spotted rose snapper (Lutjanus guttatus)700Not specifically estimated4 
229Spotted seabass (Dicentrarchus punctatus)<1Not specifically estimated4 
230Spotted snakehead (Channa punctata)909Not specifically estimated4 
231Spotted sorubim (Pseudoplatystoma corruscans)570Not specifically estimated4 
232Starry sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus)1Not specifically estimated4 
233Sterlet sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus)15Not specifically estimated4 
234Stinging catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis)8,712Not specifically estimated4 
235Streaked prochilod (Prochilodus lineatus)10Not specifically estimated4 
236Striped bass (Morone saxatilis)3Not specifically estimated4 
237Striped bass, hybrid (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis)5,241816-816EMW-2056
238Striped catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus)966,617500-1,500EMW-206644 - 1,933
239Striped snakehead (Channa striata)48,058300-1,100EMW-20744 - 160
240Sturgeons nei (Acipenseridae)98,030Not specifically estimated4 
241Tambacu, hybrid (P.mesopotamicus x C.macropomum)35,800Not specifically estimated4 
242Tambatinga, hybrid (C. macropomum x P. brachypomus)10,295Not specifically estimated4 
243Tench (Tinca tinca)1,402Not specifically estimated4 
244Thai mahseer (Tor tambroides)9Not specifically estimated4 
245Three spotted tilapia (Oreochromis andersonii)4,140Not specifically estimated4 
246Tiger pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes)28,218Not specifically estimated4 
247Tilapia shiranus (Oreochromis shiranus)5,311Not specifically estimated4 
248Tilapias nei (Oreochromis(=Tilapia) spp)1,272,468250-800EMW-2151,591 - 5,090
249Tinfoil barb (Barbonymus schwanenfeldii)29Not specifically estimated4 
250Torpedo-shaped catfishes nei (Clarias spp)957,563Not specifically estimated4 
251Trouts nei (Salmo spp)27,831Not specifically estimated4 
252Turbot (Psetta maxima)57,072700-2,000EMW-21929 - 82
253Upsidedown catfishes (Synodontis spp)4,850Not specifically estimated4 
254Wallago (Wallago attu)1,039Not specifically estimated4 
255Wels(=Som) catfish (Silurus glanis)1,854Not specifically estimated4 
256White seabream (Diplodus sargus)6Not specifically estimated4 
257White trevally (Pseudocaranx dentex)4,400Not specifically estimated4 
258White-spotted spinefoot (Siganus canaliculatus)1Not specifically estimated4 
259Whitefishes nei (Coregonus spp)4,499Not specifically estimated4 
260Wuchang bream (Megalobrama amblycephala)833,393450-500EMW-2291,667 - 1,852
261Yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco)480,03250-200EMW-2302,400 - 9,601
262Yellowtail amberjack (Seriola lalandi)50Not specifically estimated4 
263Total for all fish species53,402,661See totals below
 
Totals by estimate typeProduction (t)Percent of
total
fish production
%
Generic
Estimated
mean
weight
(g)5
Estimated
numbers
(millions)
   Single species with an EMW 41,076,78977317-1,04239,440 - 129,616
   Multi species with an EMW 3,097,53162,807 - 8,740
Totals for species with an EMW 44,174,3208342,247 - 138,356
Totals species without an EMW4 9,228,34117317-1,0428,861 - 29,120
Total fish production 53,402,66110051,107 - 167,476
Total aquaculture production (includes shellfish) 111,946,623

Estimated by A Mood and P Brooke, Sep 2019


Notes
1. Source of production tonnage: FAO FishStat "Aquaculture Production (Quantities and values) 1950-2017 (Release date: 25th March 2019)".
2. Source of estimated mean weights (EMWs) : as described in our earlier estimate, see Estimating the Number of Farmed Fish Killed in Global Aquaculture Each Year.
3. The estimated numbers are calculated as the production tonnage divided by estimated mean weight (EMW) where a mean weight has been estimated for the species category.
4. The fish numbers for species without an estimated mean weight (EMW) have not been estimated for each individual species. Total numbers for such species combined are estimated from
the generic estimated mean weight (GEMW)5, as described for our earlier estimate (note 2).
5. The generic estimated mean weight (GEMW) is obtained as the total tonnage for single-species categories with an estimated mean weight (EMW) divided by the total estimated numbers for these species.   In other words, it is assumed that the mean weight of fishes for species without an EMW is equal to the overall mean weight of fishes for single-species categories with an EMW.
6. All species are identified on FishStat as being of the class Actinopterygii except for the following for which class is not specified: freshwater fishes nei, marine fishes nei and finfishes nei.