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Screen 1: Estimated numbers of individuals in annual global aquaculture production (FAO) of fish species (2011)

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This page shows FAO reported fish aquaculture production tonnages for 2011 by species category together with the estimated mean weight (EMW) (obtained in this study) and estimated fish numbers. For species categories where no EMW was obtained, a generic mean weight was used to estimate numbers. Derivation of these generic mean weights are shown in the totals section, obtained by clicking on the Last page summary link above or by scrolling/paging to the bottom. The overall estimate of fish numbers is also shown there.

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LineSpeciesproduction (t)Estimated
mean
weight
(EMW)
(g)
EMW idGeneric
mean
weight
(g)
Estimated
numbers
(millions)
1Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)5,349,588300-1,500EMW-1823,566 - 17,832
2Grass carp(=White amur) (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)4,574,673500-2,500EMW-871,830 - 9,149
3Common carp (Cyprinus carpio)3,733,418500-2,500EMW-571,493 - 7,467
4Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)2,790,350250-800EMW-1293,488 - 11,161
5Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis)2,705,435500-1,500EMW-291,804 - 5,411
6Catla (Catla catla)2,411,162300-2,000EMW-431,206 - 8,037
7Crucian carp (Carassius carassius)2,298,460150-400EMW-625,746 - 15,323
8Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)1,721,2543,614-8,434EMW-21204 - 476
9Roho labeo (Labeo rohita)1,442,253300-1,500EMW-167962 - 4,808
10Pangas catfishes nei (Pangasius spp)1,422,634500-1,500EMW-142948 - 2,845
11Freshwater fishes nei (Osteichthyes)1,299,422322-1,0961,185 - 4,037
12Milkfish (Chanos chanos)891,407250-500EMW-1221,783 - 3,566
13Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)770,385210-5,000EMW-155154 - 3,668
14Tilapias nei (Oreochromis(=Tilapia) spp)759,356250-800EMW-215949 - 3,037
15Wuchang bream (Megalobrama amblycephala)677,887450-500EMW-2291,356 - 1,506
16Cyprinids nei (Cyprinidae)658,384322-1,096601 - 2,046
17Marine fishes nei (Osteichthyes)480,244322-1,096438 - 1,492
18Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)468,0102,000-3,000EMW-30156 - 234
19Snakehead (Channa argus)446,730322-1,096408 - 1,388
20Torpedo-shaped catfishes nei (Clarias spp)446,321322-1,096407 - 1,387
21Amur catfish (Silurus asotus)397,994322-1,096363 - 1,237
22Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)376,352340-680EMW-45553 - 1,107
23Blue-Nile tilapia, hybrid 360,737322-1,096329 - 1,121
24Mrigal carp (Cirrhinus mrigala)340,741300-1,100EMW-124310 - 1,136
25Asian swamp eel (Monopterus albus)292,458322-1,096267 - 909
26Mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi)274,576500-500EMW-115549
27Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica)247,992100-250EMW-100992 - 2,480
28Pond loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus)233,053322-1,096213 - 724
29Yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco)217,38050-200EMW-2301,087 - 4,348
30Largemouth black bass (Micropterus salmoides)208,644680-680EMW-110307
31North African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)194,276500-1,500EMW-132130 - 389
32Striped catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus)171,663500-1,500EMW-206114 - 343
33Coho(=Silver) salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)159,694322-1,096146 - 496
34Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata)154,821300-400EMW-81387 - 516
35Japanese amberjack (Seriola quinqueradiata)146,2743,500-6,000EMW-9924 - 42
36European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax)144,365400-500EMW-72289 - 361
37Pirapatinga (Piaractus brachypomus)138,360500-1,000EMW-147138 - 277
38Silver barb (Barbonymus gonionotus)136,893100-200EMW-181684 - 1,369
39Flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)125,678500-1,500EMW-7684 - 251
40Japanese seabass (Lateolabrax japonicus)124,799500-500EMW-102250
41Cachama (Colossoma macropomum)117,636500-2,000EMW-4059 - 235
42Pompano (Trachinotus ovatus)115,000322-1,096105 - 357
43Catfish, hybrid (C.gariepinus x C.macrocephalus)95,375150-350EMW-41273 - 636
44Groupers nei (Epinephelus spp)87,104322-1,09679 - 271
45Large yellow croaker (Larimichthys croceus)80,212322-1,09673 - 249
46Turbot (Psetta maxima)75,413700-2,000EMW-21938 - 108
47Barramundi(=Giant seaperch) (Lates calcarifer)69,116300-2,000EMW-2535 - 230
48Red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)67,3391,000-1,000EMW-15667
49Giant gourami (Osphronemus goramy)67,1552,000-3,000EMW-8022 - 34
50Silver seabream (Pagrus auratus)64,684400-400EMW-184162
51Porgies, seabreams nei (Sparidae)58,029322-1,09653 - 180
52Sturgeons nei (Acipenseridae)51,134322-1,09647 - 159
53Tambacu, hybrid (P.mesopotamicus x C.macropomum)49,818322-1,09645 - 155
54Lefteye flounders nei (Bothidae)47,589322-1,09643 - 148
55Bastard halibut (Paralichthys olivaceus)44,280800-1,500EMW-2630 - 55
56Orangefin labeo (Labeo calbasu)41,671322-1,09638 - 129
57Cobia (Rachycentron canadum)40,8636,000-8,000EMW-555 - 7
58Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)35,675500-800EMW-12345 - 71
59Salmonids nei (Salmonidae)35,444322-1,09632 - 110
60Snakeskin gourami (Trichogaster pectoralis)25,95080-120EMW-189216 - 324
61Pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus)23,429322-1,09621 - 73
62Nilem carp (Osteochilus hasselti)22,575322-1,09621 - 70
63Indonesian snakehead (Channa micropeltes)19,774500-700EMW-9528 - 40
64Clearhead icefish (Protosalanx hyalocranius)18,104322-1,09617 - 56
65Korean rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli)17,338322-1,09616 - 54
66Chinese longsnout catfish (Leiocassis longirostris)17,086322-1,09616 - 53
67Trouts nei (Salmo spp)16,709322-1,09615 - 52
68Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)16,1262,000-5,000EMW-193 - 8
69Chinook(=Spring=King) salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)15,131322-1,09614 - 47
70Climbing perch (Anabas testudineus)14,925322-1,09614 - 46
71Tiger pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes)14,906322-1,09614 - 46
72Eastern pomfred (Schuettea scalaripinnis)14,625322-1,09613 - 45
73Tambatinga, hybrid (C. macropomum x P. brachypomus)14,339322-1,09613 - 45
74Amberjacks nei (Seriola spp)14,204322-1,09613 - 44
75Pond smelt (Hypomesus olidus)13,769322-1,09613 - 43
76Meagre (Argyrosomus regius)13,742322-1,09613 - 43
77Striped snakehead (Channa striata)13,659300-1,100EMW-20712 - 46
78Nile perch (Lates niloticus)12,929322-1,09612 - 40
79Carps nei (Hypophthalmichthys spp)12,042322-1,09611 - 37
80Osteobrama belangeri (Osteobrama belangeri)11,695322-1,09611 - 36
81Pangas catfish (Pangasius pangasius)10,892322-1,09610 - 34
82Snakeheads(=Murrels) nei (Channa spp)9,261322-1,0968 - 29
83Reticulate knifefish (Papyrocranus afer)9,128322-1,0968 - 28
84Righteye flounders nei (Pleuronectidae)8,463322-1,0968 - 26
85Hoven's carp (Leptobarbus hoeveni)8,063322-1,0967 - 25
86Characins nei (Characidae)7,938322-1,0967 - 25
87Prochilods nei (Prochilodus spp)7,158322-1,0967 - 22
88Mullets nei (Mugilidae)6,978322-1,0966 - 22
89European eel (Anguilla anguilla)6,791322-1,0966 - 21
90Asian barbs nei (Puntius spp)6,673322-1,0966 - 21
91Greasy grouper (Epinephelus tauvina)6,664322-1,0966 - 21
92Ayu sweetfish (Plecoglossus altivelis)6,620322-1,0966 - 21
93Brycon amazonicus (Brycon amazonicus)5,723322-1,0965 - 18
94Puntius sarana (Puntius sarana)5,539322-1,0965 - 17
95Mangrove red snapper (Lutjanus argentimaculatus)5,259322-1,0965 - 16
96Aba (Gymnarchus niloticus)5,236322-1,0965 - 16
97Small scale mud carp (Cirrhinus microlepis)5,200322-1,0965 - 16
98Grass-eaters nei (Distichodus spp)4,987322-1,0965 - 15
99African bonytongue (Heterotis niloticus)4,952322-1,0965 - 15
100Blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus)4,937500-800EMW-346 - 10
101Sorubims nei (Pseudoplatystoma spp)4,474322-1,0964 - 14
102Isok barb (Probarbus jullieni)4,400322-1,0964 - 14
103Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii)4,380322-1,0964 - 14
104Pimelodus spp (Pimelodus spp)4,312322-1,0964 - 13
105Philippine catfish (Clarias batrachus)4,178322-1,0964 - 13
106Sea trout (Salmo trutta)4,147322-1,0964 - 13
107Obscure pufferfish (Takifugu obscurus)4,020322-1,0964 - 12
108Citharinus nei (Citharinus spp)4,014322-1,0964 - 12
109Three spotted tilapia (Oreochromis andersonii)3,860322-1,0964 - 12
110Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus)3,719322-1,0963 - 12
111Striped bass, hybrid (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis)3,718816-816EMW-2055
112Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis)3,557322-1,0963 - 11
113Mud carp (Cirrhinus molitorella)3,531322-1,0963 - 11
114Upsidedown catfishes (Synodontis spp)3,487322-1,0963 - 11
115Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus)3,410322-1,0963 - 11
116John's snapper (Lutjanus johnii)3,234322-1,0963 - 10
117White trevally (Pseudocaranx dentex)3,082322-1,0963 - 10
118Asian redtail catfish (Mystus nemurus)3,079322-1,0963 - 10
119Stinging catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis)2,913322-1,0963 - 9
120Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus)2,8833,000-5,000EMW-201
121Whitefishes nei (Coregonus spp)2,719322-1,0962 - 8
122Goldfish (Carassius auratus)2,595322-1,0962 - 8
123Anostomoides laticeps (Anostomoides laticeps)2,246322-1,0962 - 7
124Netted prochilod (Prochilodus reticulatus)2,207322-1,0962 - 7
125Salmonoids nei (Salmonoidei)2,088322-1,0962 - 6
126Kafue pike (Hepsetus odoe)2,066322-1,0962 - 6
127Fourfinger threadfin (Eleutheronema tetradactylum)2,012322-1,0962 - 6
128Southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii)1,987322-1,0962 - 6
129Leporinus friderici (Leporinus friderici)1,969322-1,0962 - 6
130Roach (Rutilus rutilus)1,910322-1,0962 - 6
131Chars nei (Salvelinus spp)1,889322-1,0962 - 6
132South American catfish (Rhamdia sapo)1,749322-1,0962 - 5
133Blackhead seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegeli)1,640322-1,0961 - 5
134Wels(=Som) catfish (Silurus glanis)1,581322-1,0961 - 5
135Arapaima (Arapaima gigas)1,559322-1,0961 - 5
136Longfin tilapia (Oreochromis macrochir)1,453322-1,0961 - 5
137Tench (Tinca tinca)1,381322-1,0961 - 4
138European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus)1,239322-1,0961 - 4
139Wallago (Wallago attu)1,188322-1,0961 - 4
140Marble goby (Oxyeleotris marmorata)1,182322-1,0961 - 4
141Brycon spp (Brycon spp)1,161322-1,0961 - 4
142Channa marulius (Channa marulius)1,102322-1,0961 - 3
143Japanese jack mackerel (Trachurus japonicus)1,095322-1,0961 - 3
144Groupers, seabasses nei (Serranidae)1,064322-1,0961 - 3
145Redbreast tilapia (Tilapia rendalli)1,036322-1,0961 - 3
146Northern pike (Esox lucius)871322-1,0961 - 3
147Trahira (Hoplias malabaricus)852322-1,0961 - 3
148Black prochilodus (Prochilodus nigricans)761322-1,0961 - 2
149Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)717322-1,0961 - 2
150Pike-perch (Sander lucioperca)700322-1,0961 - 2
151Jacks, crevalles nei (Caranx spp)668322-1,0961 - 2
152Spotted snakehead (Channa punctata)610322-1,0961 - 2
153Sobaity seabream (Sparidentex hasta)550322-1,0961 - 2
154Freshwater siluroids nei (Siluroidei)517322-1,096< 1 - 2
155Bronze featherback (Notopterus notopterus)495322-1,096< 1 - 2
156River eels nei (Anguilla spp)438322-1,096< 1 - 1
157So-iuy mullet (Mugil soiuy)401500-1,500EMW-193< 1 - 1
158Longfin yellowtail (Seriola rivoliana)400322-1,096< 1 - 1
159Banded astyanax (Astyanax fasciatus)389322-1,096< 1 - 1
160Silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus)372322-1,096< 1 - 1
161Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus)350322-1,096< 1 - 1
162Scorpionfishes nei (Scorpaenidae)307322-1,096< 1 - 1
163Snappers, jobfishes nei (Lutjanidae)301322-1,096< 1 - 1
164Sabaki tilapia (Oreochromis spilurus)300322-1,096< 1 - 1
165White sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus)300322-1,096< 1 - 1
166Finfishes nei (Osteichthyes)282322-1,096< 1 - 1
167Danube sturgeon(=Osetr) (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii)281322-1,096< 1 - 1
168Brycon hilarii (Brycon hilarii)265322-1,096< 1 - 1
169Filefishes, leatherjackets nei (Monacanthidae)263322-1,096< 1 - 1
170Blackspot(=red) seabream (Pagellus bogaraveo)245322-1,096< 1 - 1
171Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis)235322-1,096< 1 - 1
172Snappers nei (Lutjanus spp)219322-1,096< 1 - 1
173Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii)213322-1,096< 1 - 1
174Japanese seabream (Pagrus major)209322-1,096< 1 - 1
175European perch (Perca fluviatilis)182322-1,096< 1 - 1
176Spinefeet(=Rabbitfishes) nei (Siganus spp)180322-1,096< 1 - 1
177Dorado (Salminus brasiliensis)178322-1,096< 1 - 1
178White seabream (Diplodus sargus)157322-1,096< 1
179Freshwater bream (Abramis brama)152322-1,096< 1
180Orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides)152322-1,096< 1
181Shi drum (Umbrina cirrosa)150322-1,096< 1
182Streaked prochilod (Prochilodus lineatus)138322-1,096< 1
183Dotted gizzard shad (Konosirus punctatus)136322-1,096< 1
184Snubnose pompano (Trachinotus blochii)133322-1,096< 1
185Clown knifefish (Chitala chitala)108322-1,096< 1
186Cichla spp (Cichla spp)106322-1,096< 1
187Black bullhead (Ameiurus melas)100322-1,096< 1
188Catfishes nei (Ictalurus spp)100322-1,096< 1
189Leporinus obtusidens (Leporinus obtusidens)97322-1,096< 1
190Brycon cephalus (Brycon cephalus)95322-1,096< 1
191Leporinus spp (Leporinus spp)91322-1,096< 1
192Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus)85322-1,096< 1
193Common sole (Solea solea)84322-1,096< 1
194Redbelly tilapia (Tilapia zillii)81322-1,096< 1
195Hoplias spp (Hoplias spp)75322-1,096< 1
196Mackerels nei (Scombridae)75322-1,096< 1
197Bagrid catfish (Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus)68322-1,096< 1
198Short-finned eel (Anguilla australis)63322-1,096< 1
199Beluga (Huso huso)61322-1,096< 1
200Blackchin tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron)54322-1,096< 1
201American yellow perch (Perca flavescens)50227-227EMW-7< 1
202Brown-marbled grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus)45322-1,096< 1
203Brycon orbignyanus (Brycon orbignyanus)41322-1,096< 1
204Areolate grouper (Epinephelus areolatus)38322-1,096< 1
205Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus)35322-1,096< 1
206Roaches nei (Rutilus spp)34322-1,096< 1
207Sterlet sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus)33322-1,096< 1
208Rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus)33322-1,096< 1
209Ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta)24322-1,096< 1
210Redtail catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus)24322-1,096< 1
211Common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus)20322-1,096< 1
212Gouramis nei (Trichogaster spp)20322-1,096< 1
213Mississippi paddlefish (Polyodon spathula)20322-1,096< 1
214Sharpsnout seabream (Diplodus puntazzo)20322-1,096< 1
215Soles nei (Soleidae)20322-1,096< 1
216Lebranche mullet (Mugil liza)18322-1,096< 1
217Algerian barb (Barbus callensis)16322-1,096< 1
218Porthole shovelnose catfish (Hemisorubim platyrhynchos)15322-1,096< 1
219Labeo dussumieri (Labeo dussumieri)13322-1,096< 1
220Common two-banded seabream (Diplodus vulgaris)10322-1,096< 1
221Silversides(=Sand smelts) nei (Atherinidae)10322-1,096< 1
222Common dentex (Dentex dentex)8322-1,096< 1
223Atipa (Hoplosternum littorale)7322-1,096< 1
224White bream (Blicca bjoerkna)7322-1,096< 1
225Whitemouth croaker (Micropogonias furnieri)7322-1,096< 1
226Orbicular batfish (Platax orbicularis)7322-1,096< 1
227Bleak (Alburnus alburnus)7322-1,096< 1
228Sevan trout (Salmo ischchan)7322-1,096< 1
229Starry sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus)6322-1,096< 1
230Japanese meagre (Argyrosomus japonicus)6322-1,096< 1
231Pargo breams nei (Pagrus spp)6322-1,096< 1
232Crevalle jack (Caranx hippos)5322-1,096< 1
233Huchen (Hucho hucho)5322-1,096< 1
234Barred sorubim (Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum)4322-1,096< 1
235Goldlined seabream (Rhabdosargus sarba)4322-1,096< 1
236Mango tilapia (Sarotherodon galilaeus)4322-1,096< 1
237Knifefishes (Notopterus spp)3322-1,096< 1
238Asp (Aspius aspius)3322-1,096< 1
239Greater amberjack (Seriola dumerili)2322-1,096< 1
240Rice-paddy eel (Pisodonophis boro)2322-1,096< 1
241Russell's snapper (Lutjanus russelli)2322-1,096< 1
242Boleophthalmus pectinirostris (Boleophthalmus pectinirostris)2322-1,096< 1
243Gobies nei (Gobiidae)2322-1,096< 1
244Spotted rose snapper (Lutjanus guttatus)2322-1,096< 1
245Chub (Leuciscus cephalus)1322-1,096< 1
246African catfish (Heterobranchus bidorsalis)1322-1,096< 1
247Big-scale sand smelt (Atherina boyeri)1322-1,096< 1
248Kutum (Rutilus frisii)1322-1,096< 1
249Tarpon (Megalops atlanticus)1322-1,096< 1
250Danube bleak (Chalcalburnus chalcoides)1322-1,096< 1
251Orfe(=Ide) (Leuciscus idus)1322-1,096< 1
252Spotted coralgrouper (Plectropomus maculatus)1322-1,096< 1
253Barbel (Barbus barbus)1322-1,096< 1
254Mi-iuy (brown) croaker (Miichthys miiuy)1322-1,096< 1
255Marbled spinefoot (Siganus rivulatus)<1322-1,096< 1
256Sargo breams nei (Diplodus spp)<1322-1,096< 1
257Spotted seabass (Dicentrarchus punctatus)<1322-1,096< 1
258Jaguar guapote (Cichlasoma managuense)<1322-1,096< 1
259Buffalofishes nei (Ictiobus spp)<1322-1,096< 1
260Trumpet emperor (Lethrinus miniatus)<1322-1,096< 1
261Totals for all species 41,649,75637,900 - 128,509
 
Totals by estimate type:
   Single species with an EMW 33,602,127322-1,09630,652 - 104,402
   Multi species with an EMW 2,181,9901,898 - 5,883
Totals for species with an EMW 35,784,11732,549 - 110,284
Totals species without an EMW 5,865,639322-1,0965,351 - 18,225
 
Total fish production 41,649,75637,900 - 128,509
Total aqaculture production (includes shellfish) 83,729,314

Source of production tonnage : FAO FishStat "Aquaculture Production (Quantities and values) 1950-2011 (Release date: March 2013)".
Note. All species are identified on FishStat as being of the class Actinopterygii except for the following for which class is not specified: freshwater fishes nei, marine fishes nei and finfishes nei.