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Screen 1: Estimated numbers of individuals in annual global aquaculture production (FAO) of fish species (2011)

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This page shows FAO reported fish aquaculture production tonnages for 2011 by species category together with the estimated mean weight (EMW) (obtained in this study) and estimated fish numbers. For species categories where no EMW was obtained, a generic mean weight was used to estimate numbers. Derivation of these generic mean weights are shown in the totals section, obtained by clicking on the Last page summary link above or by scrolling/paging to the bottom. The overall estimate of fish numbers is also shown there.

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LineSpeciesproduction (t)Estimated
mean
weight
(EMW)
(g)
EMW idGeneric
mean
weight
(g)
Estimated
numbers
(millions)
1Aba (Gymnarchus niloticus)5,236322-1,0965 - 16
2African bonytongue (Heterotis niloticus)4,952322-1,0965 - 15
3African catfish (Heterobranchus bidorsalis)1322-1,096< 1
4Algerian barb (Barbus callensis)16322-1,096< 1
5Amberjacks nei (Seriola spp)14,204322-1,09613 - 44
6American yellow perch (Perca flavescens)50227-227EMW-7< 1
7Amur catfish (Silurus asotus)397,994322-1,096363 - 1,237
8Anostomoides laticeps (Anostomoides laticeps)2,246322-1,0962 - 7
9Arapaima (Arapaima gigas)1,559322-1,0961 - 5
10Arctic char (Salvelinus alpinus)3,719322-1,0963 - 12
11Areolate grouper (Epinephelus areolatus)38322-1,096< 1
12Asian barbs nei (Puntius spp)6,673322-1,0966 - 21
13Asian redtail catfish (Mystus nemurus)3,079322-1,0963 - 10
14Asian swamp eel (Monopterus albus)292,458322-1,096267 - 909
15Asp (Aspius aspius)3322-1,096< 1
16Atipa (Hoplosternum littorale)7322-1,096< 1
17Atlantic bluefin tuna (Thunnus thynnus)3,410322-1,0963 - 11
18Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua)16,1262,000-5,000EMW-193 - 8
19Atlantic halibut (Hippoglossus hippoglossus)2,8833,000-5,000EMW-201
20Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar)1,721,2543,614-8,434EMW-21204 - 476
21Ayu sweetfish (Plecoglossus altivelis)6,620322-1,0966 - 21
22Bagrid catfish (Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus)68322-1,096< 1
23Ballan wrasse (Labrus bergylta)24322-1,096< 1
24Banded astyanax (Astyanax fasciatus)389322-1,096< 1 - 1
25Barbel (Barbus barbus)1322-1,096< 1
26Barramundi(=Giant seaperch) (Lates calcarifer)69,116300-2,000EMW-2535 - 230
27Barred sorubim (Pseudoplatystoma fasciatum)4322-1,096< 1
28Bastard halibut (Paralichthys olivaceus)44,280800-1,500EMW-2630 - 55
29Beluga (Huso huso)61322-1,096< 1
30Big-scale sand smelt (Atherina boyeri)1322-1,096< 1
31Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis)2,705,435500-1,500EMW-291,804 - 5,411
32Black bullhead (Ameiurus melas)100322-1,096< 1
33Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)468,0102,000-3,000EMW-30156 - 234
34Black prochilodus (Prochilodus nigricans)761322-1,0961 - 2
35Blackchin tilapia (Sarotherodon melanotheron)54322-1,096< 1
36Blackhead seabream (Acanthopagrus schlegeli)1,640322-1,0961 - 5
37Blackspot(=red) seabream (Pagellus bogaraveo)245322-1,096< 1 - 1
38Bleak (Alburnus alburnus)7322-1,096< 1
39Blue tilapia (Oreochromis aureus)4,937500-800EMW-346 - 10
40Blue-Nile tilapia, hybrid 360,737322-1,096329 - 1,121
41Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus)35322-1,096< 1
42Boleophthalmus pectinirostris (Boleophthalmus pectinirostris)2322-1,096< 1
43Bronze featherback (Notopterus notopterus)495322-1,096< 1 - 2
44Brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)717322-1,0961 - 2
45Brown-marbled grouper (Epinephelus fuscoguttatus)45322-1,096< 1
46Brycon amazonicus (Brycon amazonicus)5,723322-1,0965 - 18
47Brycon cephalus (Brycon cephalus)95322-1,096< 1
48Brycon hilarii (Brycon hilarii)265322-1,096< 1 - 1
49Brycon orbignyanus (Brycon orbignyanus)41322-1,096< 1
50Brycon spp (Brycon spp)1,161322-1,0961 - 4
51Buffalofishes nei (Ictiobus spp)<1322-1,096< 1
52Cachama (Colossoma macropomum)117,636500-2,000EMW-4059 - 235
53Carps nei (Hypophthalmichthys spp)12,042322-1,09611 - 37
54Catfish, hybrid (C.gariepinus x C.macrocephalus)95,375150-350EMW-41273 - 636
55Catfishes nei (Ictalurus spp)100322-1,096< 1
56Catla (Catla catla)2,411,162300-2,000EMW-431,206 - 8,037
57Channa marulius (Channa marulius)1,102322-1,0961 - 3
58Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)376,352340-680EMW-45553 - 1,107
59Characins nei (Characidae)7,938322-1,0967 - 25
60Chars nei (Salvelinus spp)1,889322-1,0962 - 6
61Chinese longsnout catfish (Leiocassis longirostris)17,086322-1,09616 - 53
62Chinook(=Spring=King) salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)15,131322-1,09614 - 47
63Chub (Leuciscus cephalus)1322-1,096< 1
64Cichla spp (Cichla spp)106322-1,096< 1
65Citharinus nei (Citharinus spp)4,014322-1,0964 - 12
66Clearhead icefish (Protosalanx hyalocranius)18,104322-1,09617 - 56
67Climbing perch (Anabas testudineus)14,925322-1,09614 - 46
68Clown knifefish (Chitala chitala)108322-1,096< 1
69Cobia (Rachycentron canadum)40,8636,000-8,000EMW-555 - 7
70Coho(=Silver) salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)159,694322-1,096146 - 496
71Common carp (Cyprinus carpio)3,733,418500-2,500EMW-571,493 - 7,467
72Common dentex (Dentex dentex)8322-1,096< 1
73Common pandora (Pagellus erythrinus)20322-1,096< 1
74Common sole (Solea solea)84322-1,096< 1
75Common two-banded seabream (Diplodus vulgaris)10322-1,096< 1
76Crevalle jack (Caranx hippos)5322-1,096< 1
77Crucian carp (Carassius carassius)2,298,460150-400EMW-625,746 - 15,323
78Cyprinids nei (Cyprinidae)658,384322-1,096601 - 2,046
79Danube bleak (Chalcalburnus chalcoides)1322-1,096< 1
80Danube sturgeon(=Osetr) (Acipenser gueldenstaedtii)281322-1,096< 1 - 1
81Dorado (Salminus brasiliensis)178322-1,096< 1 - 1
82Dotted gizzard shad (Konosirus punctatus)136322-1,096< 1
83Eastern pomfred (Schuettea scalaripinnis)14,625322-1,09613 - 45
84European eel (Anguilla anguilla)6,791322-1,0966 - 21
85European perch (Perca fluviatilis)182322-1,096< 1 - 1
86European seabass (Dicentrarchus labrax)144,365400-500EMW-72289 - 361
87European whitefish (Coregonus lavaretus)1,239322-1,0961 - 4
88Filefishes, leatherjackets nei (Monacanthidae)263322-1,096< 1 - 1
89Finfishes nei (Osteichthyes)282322-1,096< 1 - 1
90Flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)125,678500-1,500EMW-7684 - 251
91Florida pompano (Trachinotus carolinus)350322-1,096< 1 - 1
92Fourfinger threadfin (Eleutheronema tetradactylum)2,012322-1,0962 - 6
93Freshwater bream (Abramis brama)152322-1,096< 1
94Freshwater fishes nei (Osteichthyes)1,299,422322-1,0961,185 - 4,037
95Freshwater siluroids nei (Siluroidei)517322-1,096< 1 - 2
96Giant gourami (Osphronemus goramy)67,1552,000-3,000EMW-8022 - 34
97Gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata)154,821300-400EMW-81387 - 516
98Gobies nei (Gobiidae)2322-1,096< 1
99Goldfish (Carassius auratus)2,595322-1,0962 - 8
100Goldlined seabream (Rhabdosargus sarba)4322-1,096< 1
101Gouramis nei (Trichogaster spp)20322-1,096< 1
102Grass carp(=White amur) (Ctenopharyngodon idellus)4,574,673500-2,500EMW-871,830 - 9,149
103Grass-eaters nei (Distichodus spp)4,987322-1,0965 - 15
104Greasy grouper (Epinephelus tauvina)6,664322-1,0966 - 21
105Greater amberjack (Seriola dumerili)2322-1,096< 1
106Groupers nei (Epinephelus spp)87,104322-1,09679 - 271
107Groupers, seabasses nei (Serranidae)1,064322-1,0961 - 3
108Hoplias spp (Hoplias spp)75322-1,096< 1
109Hoven's carp (Leptobarbus hoeveni)8,063322-1,0967 - 25
110Huchen (Hucho hucho)5322-1,096< 1
111Indonesian snakehead (Channa micropeltes)19,774500-700EMW-9528 - 40
112Isok barb (Probarbus jullieni)4,400322-1,0964 - 14
113Jacks, crevalles nei (Caranx spp)668322-1,0961 - 2
114Jaguar guapote (Cichlasoma managuense)<1322-1,096< 1
115Japanese amberjack (Seriola quinqueradiata)146,2743,500-6,000EMW-9924 - 42
116Japanese eel (Anguilla japonica)247,992100-250EMW-100992 - 2,480
117Japanese jack mackerel (Trachurus japonicus)1,095322-1,0961 - 3
118Japanese meagre (Argyrosomus japonicus)6322-1,096< 1
119Japanese seabass (Lateolabrax japonicus)124,799500-500EMW-102250
120Japanese seabream (Pagrus major)209322-1,096< 1 - 1
121John's snapper (Lutjanus johnii)3,234322-1,0963 - 10
122Kafue pike (Hepsetus odoe)2,066322-1,0962 - 6
123Kissing gourami (Helostoma temminckii)4,380322-1,0964 - 14
124Knifefishes (Notopterus spp)3322-1,096< 1
125Korean rockfish (Sebastes schlegeli)17,338322-1,09616 - 54
126Kutum (Rutilus frisii)1322-1,096< 1
127Labeo dussumieri (Labeo dussumieri)13322-1,096< 1
128Large yellow croaker (Larimichthys croceus)80,212322-1,09673 - 249
129Largemouth black bass (Micropterus salmoides)208,644680-680EMW-110307
130Lebranche mullet (Mugil liza)18322-1,096< 1
131Lefteye flounders nei (Bothidae)47,589322-1,09643 - 148
132Leporinus friderici (Leporinus friderici)1,969322-1,0962 - 6
133Leporinus obtusidens (Leporinus obtusidens)97322-1,096< 1
134Leporinus spp (Leporinus spp)91322-1,096< 1
135Longfin tilapia (Oreochromis macrochir)1,453322-1,0961 - 5
136Longfin yellowtail (Seriola rivoliana)400322-1,096< 1 - 1
137Mackerels nei (Scombridae)75322-1,096< 1
138Malabar grouper (Epinephelus malabaricus)85322-1,096< 1
139Mandarin fish (Siniperca chuatsi)274,576500-500EMW-115549
140Mango tilapia (Sarotherodon galilaeus)4322-1,096< 1
141Mangrove red snapper (Lutjanus argentimaculatus)5,259322-1,0965 - 16
142Marble goby (Oxyeleotris marmorata)1,182322-1,0961 - 4
143Marbled spinefoot (Siganus rivulatus)<1322-1,096< 1
144Marine fishes nei (Osteichthyes)480,244322-1,096438 - 1,492
145Meagre (Argyrosomus regius)13,742322-1,09613 - 43
146Mi-iuy (brown) croaker (Miichthys miiuy)1322-1,096< 1
147Milkfish (Chanos chanos)891,407250-500EMW-1221,783 - 3,566
148Mississippi paddlefish (Polyodon spathula)20322-1,096< 1
149Mozambique tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)35,675500-800EMW-12345 - 71
150Mrigal carp (Cirrhinus mrigala)340,741300-1,100EMW-124310 - 1,136
151Mud carp (Cirrhinus molitorella)3,531322-1,0963 - 11
152Mullets nei (Mugilidae)6,978322-1,0966 - 22
153Netted prochilod (Prochilodus reticulatus)2,207322-1,0962 - 7
154Nile perch (Lates niloticus)12,929322-1,09612 - 40
155Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)2,790,350250-800EMW-1293,488 - 11,161
156Nilem carp (Osteochilus hasselti)22,575322-1,09621 - 70
157North African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)194,276500-1,500EMW-132130 - 389
158Northern pike (Esox lucius)871322-1,0961 - 3
159Obscure pufferfish (Takifugu obscurus)4,020322-1,0964 - 12
160Orange-spotted grouper (Epinephelus coioides)152322-1,096< 1
161Orangefin labeo (Labeo calbasu)41,671322-1,09638 - 129
162Orbicular batfish (Platax orbicularis)7322-1,096< 1
163Orfe(=Ide) (Leuciscus idus)1322-1,096< 1
164Osteobrama belangeri (Osteobrama belangeri)11,695322-1,09611 - 36
165Pacific bluefin tuna (Thunnus orientalis)3,557322-1,0963 - 11
166Pacu (Piaractus mesopotamicus)23,429322-1,09621 - 73
167Pangas catfish (Pangasius pangasius)10,892322-1,09610 - 34
168Pangas catfishes nei (Pangasius spp)1,422,634500-1,500EMW-142948 - 2,845
169Pargo breams nei (Pagrus spp)6322-1,096< 1
170Philippine catfish (Clarias batrachus)4,178322-1,0964 - 13
171Pike-perch (Sander lucioperca)700322-1,0961 - 2
172Pimelodus spp (Pimelodus spp)4,312322-1,0964 - 13
173Pirapatinga (Piaractus brachypomus)138,360500-1,000EMW-147138 - 277
174Pompano (Trachinotus ovatus)115,000322-1,096105 - 357
175Pond loach (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus)233,053322-1,096213 - 724
176Pond smelt (Hypomesus olidus)13,769322-1,09613 - 43
177Porgies, seabreams nei (Sparidae)58,029322-1,09653 - 180
178Porthole shovelnose catfish (Hemisorubim platyrhynchos)15322-1,096< 1
179Prochilods nei (Prochilodus spp)7,158322-1,0967 - 22
180Puntius sarana (Puntius sarana)5,539322-1,0965 - 17
181Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)770,385210-5,000EMW-155154 - 3,668
182Red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus)67,3391,000-1,000EMW-15667
183Redbelly tilapia (Tilapia zillii)81322-1,096< 1
184Redbreast tilapia (Tilapia rendalli)1,036322-1,0961 - 3
185Redtail catfish (Phractocephalus hemioliopterus)24322-1,096< 1
186Reticulate knifefish (Papyrocranus afer)9,128322-1,0968 - 28
187Rice-paddy eel (Pisodonophis boro)2322-1,096< 1
188Righteye flounders nei (Pleuronectidae)8,463322-1,0968 - 26
189River eels nei (Anguilla spp)438322-1,096< 1 - 1
190Roach (Rutilus rutilus)1,910322-1,0962 - 6
191Roaches nei (Rutilus spp)34322-1,096< 1
192Roho labeo (Labeo rohita)1,442,253300-1,500EMW-167962 - 4,808
193Rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus)33322-1,096< 1
194Russell's snapper (Lutjanus russelli)2322-1,096< 1
195Sabaki tilapia (Oreochromis spilurus)300322-1,096< 1 - 1
196Salmonids nei (Salmonidae)35,444322-1,09632 - 110
197Salmonoids nei (Salmonoidei)2,088322-1,0962 - 6
198Sargo breams nei (Diplodus spp)<1322-1,096< 1
199Scorpionfishes nei (Scorpaenidae)307322-1,096< 1 - 1
200Sea trout (Salmo trutta)4,147322-1,0964 - 13
201Senegalese sole (Solea senegalensis)235322-1,096< 1 - 1
202Sevan trout (Salmo ischchan)7322-1,096< 1
203Sharpsnout seabream (Diplodus puntazzo)20322-1,096< 1
204Shi drum (Umbrina cirrosa)150322-1,096< 1
205Short-finned eel (Anguilla australis)63322-1,096< 1
206Siberian sturgeon (Acipenser baerii)213322-1,096< 1 - 1
207Silver barb (Barbonymus gonionotus)136,893100-200EMW-181684 - 1,369
208Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)5,349,588300-1,500EMW-1823,566 - 17,832
209Silver perch (Bidyanus bidyanus)372322-1,096< 1 - 1
210Silver seabream (Pagrus auratus)64,684400-400EMW-184162
211Silversides(=Sand smelts) nei (Atherinidae)10322-1,096< 1
212Small scale mud carp (Cirrhinus microlepis)5,200322-1,0965 - 16
213Snakehead (Channa argus)446,730322-1,096408 - 1,388
214Snakeheads(=Murrels) nei (Channa spp)9,261322-1,0968 - 29
215Snakeskin gourami (Trichogaster pectoralis)25,95080-120EMW-189216 - 324
216Snappers nei (Lutjanus spp)219322-1,096< 1 - 1
217Snappers, jobfishes nei (Lutjanidae)301322-1,096< 1 - 1
218Snubnose pompano (Trachinotus blochii)133322-1,096< 1
219So-iuy mullet (Mugil soiuy)401500-1,500EMW-193< 1 - 1
220Sobaity seabream (Sparidentex hasta)550322-1,0961 - 2
221Soles nei (Soleidae)20322-1,096< 1
222Sorubims nei (Pseudoplatystoma spp)4,474322-1,0964 - 14
223South American catfish (Rhamdia sapo)1,749322-1,0962 - 5
224Southern bluefin tuna (Thunnus maccoyii)1,987322-1,0962 - 6
225Spinefeet(=Rabbitfishes) nei (Siganus spp)180322-1,096< 1 - 1
226Spotted coralgrouper (Plectropomus maculatus)1322-1,096< 1
227Spotted rose snapper (Lutjanus guttatus)2322-1,096< 1
228Spotted seabass (Dicentrarchus punctatus)<1322-1,096< 1
229Spotted snakehead (Channa punctata)610322-1,0961 - 2
230Starry sturgeon (Acipenser stellatus)6322-1,096< 1
231Sterlet sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus)33322-1,096< 1
232Stinging catfish (Heteropneustes fossilis)2,913322-1,0963 - 9
233Streaked prochilod (Prochilodus lineatus)138322-1,096< 1
234Striped bass, hybrid (Morone chrysops x M. saxatilis)3,718816-816EMW-2055
235Striped catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus)171,663500-1,500EMW-206114 - 343
236Striped snakehead (Channa striata)13,659300-1,100EMW-20712 - 46
237Sturgeons nei (Acipenseridae)51,134322-1,09647 - 159
238Tambacu, hybrid (P.mesopotamicus x C.macropomum)49,818322-1,09645 - 155
239Tambatinga, hybrid (C. macropomum x P. brachypomus)14,339322-1,09613 - 45
240Tarpon (Megalops atlanticus)1322-1,096< 1
241Tench (Tinca tinca)1,381322-1,0961 - 4
242Three spotted tilapia (Oreochromis andersonii)3,860322-1,0964 - 12
243Tiger pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes)14,906322-1,09614 - 46
244Tilapias nei (Oreochromis(=Tilapia) spp)759,356250-800EMW-215949 - 3,037
245Torpedo-shaped catfishes nei (Clarias spp)446,321322-1,096407 - 1,387
246Trahira (Hoplias malabaricus)852322-1,0961 - 3
247Trouts nei (Salmo spp)16,709322-1,09615 - 52
248Trumpet emperor (Lethrinus miniatus)<1322-1,096< 1
249Turbot (Psetta maxima)75,413700-2,000EMW-21938 - 108
250Upsidedown catfishes (Synodontis spp)3,487322-1,0963 - 11
251Wallago (Wallago attu)1,188322-1,0961 - 4
252Wels(=Som) catfish (Silurus glanis)1,581322-1,0961 - 5
253White bream (Blicca bjoerkna)7322-1,096< 1
254White seabream (Diplodus sargus)157322-1,096< 1
255White sturgeon (Acipenser transmontanus)300322-1,096< 1 - 1
256White trevally (Pseudocaranx dentex)3,082322-1,0963 - 10
257Whitefishes nei (Coregonus spp)2,719322-1,0962 - 8
258Whitemouth croaker (Micropogonias furnieri)7322-1,096< 1
259Wuchang bream (Megalobrama amblycephala)677,887450-500EMW-2291,356 - 1,506
260Yellow catfish (Pelteobagrus fulvidraco)217,38050-200EMW-2301,087 - 4,348
261Totals for all species 41,649,75637,900 - 128,509
 
Totals by estimate type:
   Single species with an EMW 33,602,127322-1,09630,652 - 104,402
   Multi species with an EMW 2,181,9901,898 - 5,883
Totals for species with an EMW 35,784,11732,549 - 110,284
Totals species without an EMW 5,865,639322-1,0965,351 - 18,225
 
Total fish production 41,649,75637,900 - 128,509
Total aqaculture production (includes shellfish) 83,729,314

Source of production tonnage : FAO FishStat "Aquaculture Production (Quantities and values) 1950-2011 (Release date: March 2013)".
Note. All species are identified on FishStat as being of the class Actinopterygii except for the following for which class is not specified: freshwater fishes nei, marine fishes nei and finfishes nei.