Screen 9: Average annual fish capture for species mostly used for fishmeal (2005-2009)

This table shows estimated average numbers of fish caught each year (2005-2009) for species that are reportedly mostly used for reduction to fish oil and meal. Total average annual capture tonnage of fish caught for reduction (2005-2009) is 18.9 million tonnes, according to the "FAO Yearbook. Fisheries and Aquaculture Statistics. 2009".
Estimated by Alison Mood, May 2012.
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FAO species categoryCapture (t)Estimated mean weight (g)Estimated mean weight reference idEstimated numbers (millions)Ref. for use mainly as industrial species (See notes below)Also used as food?Ref. for use as food
Anchoveta(=Peruvian anchovy) (Engraulis ringens)7,838,58910.0 - 28.7EMW-20272,741 - 783,8591,2,3Y1
Chub mackerel (Scomber japonicus)1,845,942100.0 - 750.0EMW-2152,461 - 18,4593Y4
Chilean jack mackerel (Trachurus murphyi)1,699,132200.0 - 1,000.0EMW-2131,699 - 8,4961,3Y1
Blue whiting(=Poutassou) (Micromesistius poutassou)1,543,683135.0 - 340.0EMW-1594,540 - 11,4351,3Y4
Japanese anchovy (Engraulis japonicus)1,343,06120.0 - 22.0EMW-25761,048 - 67,1533,2Y4
European pilchard(=Sardine) (Sardina pilchardus)1,073,99668.8 - 127.2EMW-2308,445 - 15,6103Y4
European sprat (Sprattus sprattus)637,94016.6EMW-23338,3381,4,3Y4
California pilchard (Sardinops sagax)550,855120.0 - 183.0EMW-2003,010 - 4,5903,4Y4
Araucanian herring (Strangomera bentincki)532,28527.1 - 33.8EMW-3315,762 - 19,6784??
Gulf menhaden (Brevoortia patronus)422,167233.6EMW-2491,8084,2,3Y4
Capelin (Mallotus villosus)412,53817.0 - 50.0EMW-2108,251 - 24,3241,2,3Y1
Sandeels(=Sandlances) nei (Ammodytes spp)290,17210.0EMW-30629,0171,3N1
Atlantic menhaden (Brevoortia tyrannus)192,714162.1 - 349.2EMW-63552 - 1,1892,4Y4
Norway pout (Trisopterus esmarkii)31,19919.9 - 28.1EMW-2831,112 - 1,5654,3??
Tadpole codling (Salilota australis)11,127209.6 - 329.3EMW-40434 - 534Y4
Total: 18,425,399448,819 - 1,025,575
Mean weight of industrial fish: 18.0 - 41.1

Source of capture tonnage : FAO FishStat "Capture Production 1950-2010 (Release Date: 23rd February 2012)".
Source of estimated mean weights : Study to estimate the global annual numbers of fish caught.

The references 1-4 below were used to determine which species are mostly used for fishmeal, and whether they are also used as food.

Note. Atlantic herring and Atlantic horse mackerel are not included here as mainly industrial species. The extent to which these species are industrial is not clear from available references. Reference 3 gives Atlantic herring and Atlantic horse mackerel as mainly industrial, however reference 1 gives herring and horse mackerel as primarily for human consumption. Reference 2 gives herring e.g. Atlantic herring as a largely fishmeal species.

1. Shepherd, C. J., Pike, I. H. and Barlow, S. M., 2005. Sustainable feed resources of marine origin. Presented at aquaculture Europe 2005. European Aquaculture Society special publication no. 35. June 2005 pp 59-66. International Fishmeal and Fish Oil Organisation.

2. Miles, R. D. and Chapman, F. A., 2006. The benefits of fish meal in aquaculture diets. University of Florida. Document FA122. May 2006.

3. Tacon, A. G. J., Mohammad, R. H., Rohanna, P. S., 2006. Use of fishery resources as feed inputs to Aquaculture development: trends and policy implications. FAO Fisheries Circular No. 1018. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

4. Froese, R. and D. Pauly. Editors. 2011. FishBase.World Wide Web electronic publication. Accessed 9th May, 2012.